Frequently Asked Questions

    • Regular sessions are $200 each, with the first visits discounted to $125.
    • Sessions are pay-as-you-go. There are no session packages.

I don’t accept insurance directly, though I will happily provide you with an invoice in the style of your choosing for you to submit to your insurance company for reimbursement.

My work is generally accepted by health savings accounts, flexible spending accounts, and health insurance carriers who cover massage therapy (performed by a massage therapist). Sometimes a prescription from a physician is required to get massage therapy covered by insurance.

Sessions are about 45 minutes long. I generally stop making corrections at around the 45 minute mark, but often there are still exercises / stretches to go over, scheduling to do, etc. This applies to both regular and first-time appointments.

I have a 24-hour cancellation policy. If you need to cancel or reschedule an appointment within 24 hours of your scheduled appointment time, or simply fail to show up to your appointment, that session must be paid for in full.


Barring other arrangements being made, your credit card on file will be charged.


It depends. An unsatisfying answer, I know, but it depends on what led to your issue in the first place.

If it is of acute origin, that is, it was caused by an isolated incident or by a stress (either physical or psychological) that is no longer a factor, then results should last indefinitely. After all, the involved patterns will have been cleared.

However, if your issue is due to a repetitive stress such as sitting in front of a computer all day, maintaining results will require diligent effort on the part of the client. That being said, results are generally permanent.

For all modalities, progress is usually noticeable after the very first visit, though for some individuals, it can take as many as three visits to notice significant results.


Generally speaking, the older the issue, the longer it will take to resolve. Some issues simply take time. As I often tell my clients, it took you a while to get your body like this, expect it to take a while to get it back to normal.


Again, this depends. The simpler and more recent the problem, the more likely you’ll be in and out with a minimum of visits. Older problems are another story.


The longer one has had a particular compensation pattern, the more likely it is that that pattern has led to other imbalances.


As a general rule, the closer together one’s sessions are, the fewer sessions end up being necessary for resolution. In most cases, it is usually impossible to clear the entirety of one’s issue in one visit, and would be highly ill-advised to try as it can overwhelm the system and result in additional trauma. It is not unusual for new or different symptoms to arise soon after a session. This is a result of deeper layers of imbalance coming to the forefront. This is normal and should not be cause for concern.


I recommend clients commit themselves to at least four visits initially. By the end of four sessions, you’ll either be better, well on your way to getting better, or I’ll be referring out. “Better in four, or schedule no more!”


Sessions generally consist of three basic components: a) Assessment/evaluation, b) corrections, and c) assignment of exercises or other types of home correctives.


The precise details depend on the specific issue and which specific method or methods I decide will be best. Most issues involve some combination of structural and non-structural components. As a result, most sessions involve some combination of a structural modality, such as Active Release Techniques®, and any of my various non-structural techniques such as NKT®, P-DTR®, or my own proprietary methods.


I also frequently use supporting techniques such as craniosacral therapy, lymphatic drainage, class IV laser, kinesiology tape, and others.


At the end of sessions, several things happen. I re-evaluate, do any necessary clean-up work, we discuss the treatment plan, and we review any assigned homework, such as exercises and stretches. Home exercises are typically hand-written or emailed as video demonstrations.


All sessions are “clothes-on” other than when doing class IV laser and kinesology tape as they need to be performed on bare skin. If the relevant areas aren’t accessible when needed, I am a massage therapist, and therefore, I know how to work a sheet to respect modesty.


I recommend wearing workout-type clothes… loose fitting and comfortable. Avoid layers and above all, NO DENIM PLEASE! Inflexible materials, such as this, are hard on a manual therapist’s hands. Shorts and a T-shirt, or similar, are usually best. It’s also a good idea to avoid lotions or any other products that would make the skin slippery. They make ART® more difficult to perform comfortably and effectively.


Emotional clearing, as I perform it using my own original technique, is a very laid-back affair. It’s done largely on a subconscious level and is mostly non-verbal, involving the freeing of emotional energy that has become trapped or stuck in the body. It’s non-traumatizing, does not force individuals to re-live or re-experience painful or difficult memories, and is discreet.


The clearing can be effective even if the client chooses to keep pertinent details to themselves. It’s fast, effective and life-changing.


ART® works by breaking up and mobilizing unhealthy, fibrotic tissues in the body. Sometimes, due to inflammation, stress, tension etc., tissues will become adhered to other tissues (e.g. muscles adhered to other muscles or nerves adhered to fascia).


Through a combination of soft-tissue manipulation and specific client motions, these adhesions are resolved and fibrotic tissues are mobilized. This affords the body a full range of motion and allows for restoration of strength and function.


See the Active Release Techniques (ART) page for more information.


P-DTR® deals mostly with the various sensory receptors (such as proprioceptors) and sensory pathways of the body and the way they affect and modify our movement patterns. These receptors (those for noxious stimuli, stretch, pressure, hot, cold, vibration, etc.) all send information to the brain for processing and the brain takes this feedback into account when making decisions regarding our movement.


If this information is incorrect, as is often the case, the brain makes its decisions based on bad information. Pain and dysfunction frequently result. P-DTR uses neural challenges specific to the involved receptors and pathways, as well as muscle tests combined with proper stimulation of reflexes such as the deep tendon reflex to make immediate and lasting advances toward restored function.


See the Proprioceptive Deep Tendon Reflex (P-DTR) page for more information.


NeuroKinetic Therapy® (NKT®) addresses compensation patterns within the body - too much of this, too little of that.


Using a specific sequence of muscle challenges and releases, NKT addresses these patterns at their source; the motor control center of the brain. This process allows NKT to yield faster and longer-lasting results than many other techniques.


See the NeuroKinetic Therapy (NKT) page for more information.


Bowen is a unique therapy that stimulates the body to heal itself. The standard Bowen “move” consists of drawing the skin tight, applying pressure for a few seconds, and rolling over the muscle. This and other techniques used in Bowen heightens the ever-present communication between mind and body, allowing a “conversation” to occur during which corrections are made and the healing process begins.


The work first begins to lock-in during REM sleep the night of treatment. The healing process triggered by Bowen can continue for a full week after treatment.


See the page Bowen Therapy for more information.


Bowen is a simple, yet very powerful technique. Your job, post-treatment, is to not get in the way of the healing process. As such, here are several recommendations both for the day of treatment and for the days between treatments.


They are as follows:


The Day Of Treatment

  1. As soon as you can after the session, take a 15-20 minute walk. This will help your nervous system integrate the work.
  2. Drink plenty of water. A good deal of metabolic waste previously residing in stagnant tissues will suddenly be released into your system. Water can help dilute these wastes and keep you feeling your best.
  3. Relax. Don’t do any heavy lifting or strenuous exercise. Doing so can halt the processing that occurs after sessions, thus limiting the benefits. If you received jaw work, avoid hard or difficult-to-chew foods.
  4. Avoid extreme heat or cold. No heating pads, ice packs, hot showers or hot baths. The circulatory fluctuations can hinder the work.
  5. Keep your feet together. Try to put your weight on both feet together when you stand up, get out of bed, get out of a car, etc. This can help to begin restoring balance to your body, particularly in your pelvis.
  6. Avoid sitting for more than 30 minutes at a time without at least getting up periodically. This can destabilize the pelvis during the crucial setting-in period of the work.


The Week After Treatment

  1. Continue to walk - 15-20 minutes per day is best.
  2. Continue to take it easy. Avoid overly-strenuous activities. Light exercise is fine.
  3. Avoid any treatments, including Bowen, for a full week after your previous treatment. Bowen is a delicate process and can be easily impeded by other treatments done later, including chiropractic, massages, acupuncture/acupressure, etc. Even a back-rub can be a no-no.
  4. Continue to avoid extreme hot or cold.


The goal for a kinesiology tape application is to wear it for a maximum of 5 days.


Depending on the taping and whether or not pre-tape spray is used, it can last for as little as two days or as long as a week or more. If day five have passed and the tape is still holding, just remove it. At that point, it’s rendered less effective due to the loss of its elasticity and it’s better for the skin to give it a little break. If necessary, it can be re-applied a few hours later. Normally, the ends of the tape will come up first. This is normal and doesn’t affect the results. Simply cut off the peeled-away portion.


To enhance the longevity of an application, make sure you don’t use any lotions or oils on your skin the day of, or night before the treatment. If at any point the tape begins to hurt or irritate the skin, just take it off. This will sometimes happen several days after application as the tape has completed its correction and is no longer necessary.


I have written about this here: Comparison to Physical Therapy


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